Language polishing

Some manuscripts written by non-English native speakers or papers translated from other languages require language polishing to make them more acceptable for publishing in English journals. Our copyeditors correct grammar, check proper word usage, check punctuations, and rewrite sentences if necessary to improve the readability of the manuscripts.

Substantive copyediting

Manuscripts that require a thorough work go through substantive copyediting. This step covers all the editing stages except for the pre-editing step, which only covers formatting. Substantive editing is done by subject matter experts who are also published authors in their fields.

Artwork rendering/editing

Authors often have difficulty in providing Figures, Tables or artworks of high quality and resolution that are acceptable to publishers. Our talented team of graphics artists can render new artwork that is clearer and of better quality in any format required by publishers. Our team can also conceptualize and render captivating book or journal covers that deliver messages effectively and with significant impact.

Whatever your editing needs are, we have the solution for you.


Types of Editing

Each manuscript goes through different stages in the editing process.

Type of Edit Proofreading Pre-editing Light Copyediting Full Copyediting Language Polishing
Manuscript formatting no  Copyediting Copyediting Copyediting no 
Tagging no  Copyediting no  Copyediting no 
References formatting no  Copyediting no  Copyediting no 
References cross-checking Copyediting  Copyediting no  Copyediting no 
Figure/Table formatting no  Copyediting no  Copyediting no 
Figure/Table cross-checking no  Copyediting Copyediting Copyediting no 
Copyright/credits checking no no Copy editing Copyediting no
Typographicl errors Copyediting no  Copyediting Copyediting Copyediting
Punctuation Copyediting no  no  Copyediting Copyediting
Grammar no no  Copyediting Copyediting Copyediting
Consistency in style no  no  no  no  Copyediting
Consistency in layout and font Copyediting no  no  Copyediting no 
Sentence construction no  no  no  no  no 
Terminology check no  no  no  Copyediting no 
Word choice no  no  no  no  no 
Suggestions for text with unclear meaning no  no  no  no  no 
Language suggestions no  no  no  no  no 
Logic, relevance, clarity no  no  no  no  no 
Structure and flow no  no  no  no  no 
Author queries Copyediting no  no  Copyediting no 

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